Module 4 - First Aid at Work

Police First Aid Learning Programme, Module 4 – First Aid at Work

This module is the First Aider at Work (FAW) Standard as defined by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE).

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Empowering Police to Save Lives.

Our Police First Aid at Work – Module 4 covers the basic principles of first aid and deals with a wide range of medical situations.

Module 4 covers the same content as Module 2 however we develop this further by adding more complex medical and trauma skills, focusing on the level of first aid identified by the HSE as the acceptable level for medium to high-risk operational duties.

NATIONAL FRAMEWORK

The ATACC Group are the holders of the National Framework awarded by the Police and Crime Commissioner for Greater Manchester Police to deliver their First Aid learning programme and clinical governance.

Course Information

Course Summary

This module is designed for officers and police staff working in medium to high risk areas (e.g. PSU medics and enhanced training for Firearms officers) and where the operational plan requires a higher level of first aid than Module 2.

Course Requirements

None

Course Aim

On successful completion of this module, learners will be able to:
1. Manage a first aid scene
2. Assess a casualty
3. Manage a casualty with minor injuries
4. Perform adult basic life support (including child and infant)
5. Demonstrate safe use of an Automated External Defibrillation (AED)
6. Manage a choking casualty (including child or infant)
7. Place a casualty in the recovery position
8. Report casualty information
9. Manage a casualty who is having an asthma attack
10. Manage a casualty after near drowning
11. Manage a casualty with shock
12. Manage a casualty with chest pain
13. Manage a casualty who has fainted
14. Manage a casualty who is bleeding
15. Manage a casualty with an abdominal wound
16. Manage a casualty with a chest wound
17. Manage a casualty with burns or scalds
18. Identify and treat eye injury
19. Manage a casualty with a broken bone (fracture) or dislocation
20. Manage a casualty with a strain or sprain
21. Manage a casualty with a head injury
22. Manage a casualty with spinal injury
23. Manage a casualty who is convulsing
24. Manage a casualty who has had a stroke
25. Manage a casualty with unstable diabetes
26. Manage a casualty who has been poisoned
27. Manage a casualty with anaphylaxis
28. Manage a casualty with hypothermia
29. Manage a casualty with heat exhaustion
30. Manage a casualty with heat stroke
31. Manage the control of infection

Course content

1. Manage a first aid scene
1.1. Undertake an initial scene assessment
1.2. Communicate this information to control
1.3. Summon appropriate help
1.4. Identify and prioritise tasks
1.5. Prioritise casualties for treatment
1.6. Make appropriate use of others at the scene
2. Assess a casualty
2.1. Recognise dangers to own and casualty’s safety and take appropriate action
2.2. Undertake a basic primary survey
2.3. Check Airway, Breathing
2.4. Take appropriate life saving action
2.5. Observe casualty for signs of injury
2.6. Obtain a history from casualty and note any symptoms (conscious casualty)
2.7. Undertake a secondary survey as required
2.8. Prioritise injuries for treatment
2.9. Monitor casualty continually and reassess them frequently
3. Manage a casualty with minor injuries
3.1. Recognise dangers to own and casualty’s safety and take appropriate action
3.2. Undertake a basic primary survey
3.3. Treat any minor injury present
3.4. Record any treatment given
4. Perform adult basic life support (including child and infant)
4.1. Recognise dangers to own and casualty’s safety and take appropriate action
4.2. Apply the components of the chain of survival
4.3. Apply the DRAB mnemonic to BLS
4.4. Administer BLS to adult and child/infant that is not breathing normally
4.5. Monitor casualty’s condition and react appropriately to any change
5. Demonstrate safe use of an Automated External Defibrillation (AED)
5.1. Indications for use of AED including contra-indications and hazards of use
5.2. Demonstrate the safe and effective use of an AED
6. Manage a choking casualty (including child and infant)
6.1. Identify dangers to self and casualty
6.2. Identify signs demonstrated by a choking conscious casualty
6.3. Administer back slaps to a choking casualty
6.4. Perform abdominal or chest thrusts on a choking casualty including on child or infant
6.5. Monitor changes in casualty’s condition and take necessary action
6.6. Reassure casualty
7. Place a casualty in the recovery position
7.1. Ensure casualty is in a safe location (do not move unless absolutely necessary)
7.2. Assess casualty’s level of responsiveness
7.3. Ensure airway is clear and the casualty is breathing
7.4. Place casualty in the recovery position
7.5. Monitor casualty
7.6. Respond to a casualty’s condition changes
8. Report casualty information
8.1. Gather information pertinent to casualty
8.2. Promptly and accurately inform appropriate specialist of information relating to a casualty
8.3. Complete accident records legibly, accurately and in a timely fashion
8.4. Record details of first aid given legibly, accurately and in a timely fashion
8.5. Submit reports to appropriate authority in a timely fashion
9. Manage a casualty who is having an asthma attack
9.1. Recognise dangers to own and casualty’s safety and take appropriate action
9.2. Identify that casualty is having an asthma attack
9.3. Position casualty correctly
9.4. Assist casualty with self-administration of prescribed medication reminding casualty to use as advised by GP/pharmacist/drug manufacturer/police surgeon
9.5. Recognise when to obtain medical help
9.6. Reassure casualty
10. Manage a casualty after near drowning
10.1. Recognise dangers to own and casualty’s safety and take appropriate action
10.2. Position casualty correctly
10.3. Assess RAB and follow resuscitation procedure as appropriate
10.4. Protect casualty from cold and treat for hypothermia
10.5. Monitor casualty’s condition and react appropriately to any changes
10.6. Transfer casualty to hospital as soon as possible
11. Manage a casualty with shock
11.1. Recognise dangers to own and casualty’s safety and take appropriate action
11.2. Identify that the casualty is in shock
11.3. Identify and treat cause of shock
11.4. Position casualty correctly
11.5. Protect from extremes of heat and cold
11.6. Seek prompt medical help
11.7. Reassure casualty
11.8. Monitor casualty’s condition and react appropriately to any changes
12. Manage a casualty with chest pain
12.1. Recognise dangers to own and casualty’s safety and take appropriate action
12.2. Identify a casualty having a heart attack
12.3. Identify a casualty experiencing an angina attack
12.4. Assist casualty with self-administration of prescribed medication
12.5. Keep a list of medication taken
12.6. Position the casualty correctly and keep warm
12.7. Prevent casualty from engaging in physical activity
12.8. Seek prompt medical help
12.9. Reassure casualty
12.10. Monitor casualty’s initial condition and any changes requiring appropriate action
13. Manage a casualty who has fainted
13.1. Recognise dangers to own and casualty’s safety and take appropriate action
13.2. Identify that a casualty has fainted
13.3. Position the casualty correctly and keep warm
13.4. Reassure casualty
13.5. Monitor casualty’s condition and react appropriately to any changes
14. Manage a casualty who is bleeding
14.1. Recognise the dangers of infection to both casualty and rescuer and take appropriate action
14.2. Position casualty appropriately
14.3. Examine wound for embedded object
14.4. Apply direct pressure to wound
14.5. Apply dressing(s)
14.6. Identify location of main pressure points
14.7. Check level of consciousness and for signs of shock
15. Manage a casualty with an abdominal wound
15.1. Identify and classify types of wound
15.2. Position casualty correctly
15.3. Dress abdominal wounds
15.4. Assist a coughing casualty with an abdominal wound
15.5. Recognise signs and symptoms of internal injury
15.6. Monitor casualty’s condition and react appropriately to any changes
15.7. Treat for shock
16. Manage a casualty with a chest wound
16.1. Identify and classify types of wound
16.2. Identify signs and symptoms associated with a chest wound
16.3. Seal and dress chest wounds if appropriate dressing is available (leave wound
open if not)
16.4. Position the casualty appropriately
16.5. Recognise signs and symptoms of internal injury
16.6. Monitor casualty’s condition and react appropriately to any changes
17. Manage a casualty with burns or scalds
17.1. Recognise dangers to own and casualty’s safety
17.2. Cool burns and scalds
17.3. Remove contaminants causing chemical burns
17.4. Position casualty correctly
17.5. Dress burns and scalds
17.6. Reassure casualty
17.7. Monitor casualty’s condition and react appropriately to any changes
17.8. Transfer to hospital
18. Identify and treat eye injury
18.1. Identify signs and symptoms of eye injury
18.2. Demonstrate eye examination technique
18.3. Demonstrate eye irrigation technique
18.4. Take precautions to remove secondary sources of contamination
18.5. Report injury in appropriate manner
18.6. Seek medical advice in accordance with police procedures
19. Manage a casualty with a broken bone (fracture) or dislocation
19.1. Immobilise fractures and dislocations
19.2. Remove constricting objects from injured limbs
19.3. Use dressings and bandages to cover wounds, where appropriate, at fracture sites
19.4. Reassure casualty
19.5. Treat for shock
19.6. Monitor casualty’s condition and react appropriately to any changes
19.7. Transfer to hospital
20. Manage a casualty with a strain or sprain
20.1. Identify a strain or sprain
20.2. Encourage the casualty to Rest the injured part
20.3. Apply Ice to the injured part
20.4. Compress the injured part
20.5. Elevate the injured part
20.6. Send the casualty to hospital
21. Manage a casualty with a head injury
21.1. Recognise dangers to own and casualty’s safety and take appropriate action
21.2. Recognise the signs and symptoms relating to head injuries
21.3. Demonstrate how to examine a head injured casualty
21.4. Treat any obvious injury
21.5. Position casualty correctly and keep warm
21.6. Recognise importance of obtaining prompt medical help
21.7. Recognise changes in levels of consciousness and react appropriately
21.8. Monitor casualty’s vital signs at 10 minute intervals and react appropriately to any changes
22. Manage a casualty with spinal injury
22.1. Immobilise casualty with spinal injury
22.2. Coordinate log rolling of a spinal injury casualty
22.3. Demonstrate crash helmet removal
23. Manage a casualty who is convulsing
23.1. Recognise dangers to own and casualty’s safety and take appropriate action
23.2. Minimise the risk of self-injury
23.3. Recognise the signs and symptoms relating to epilepsy
23.4. Reassure casualty
23.5. Recognise when to obtain medical help
23.6. Monitor and record casualty’s condition and react appropriately to any changes
24. Manage a casualty who has had a stroke
24.1. Recognise dangers to own and casualty’s safety and take appropriate action
24.2. Recognise signs and symptoms relating to a stroke
24.3. Position casualty correctly
24.4. Reassure casualty
24.5. Obtain medical help
24.6. Monitor casualty’s condition and react appropriately to any changes
25. Manage a casualty with unstable diabetes
25.1. Recognise dangers to own and casualty’s safety and take appropriate action
25.2. Identify casualty with hypoglycaemia or hyperglycaemia
25.3. Check casualty for evidence that casualty may be a diabetic
25.4. Give sugar to a conscious casualty with hypoglycaemia
25.5. Recognise when to obtain medical help
25.6. Monitor casualty’s condition and react appropriately to any changes
26. Manage a casualty who has been poisoned
26.1. Recognise dangers to own and casualty’s safety and take appropriate action
26.2. Take immediate steps to sustain life
26.3. Monitor casualty’s condition and react appropriately to any changes
26.4. Transfer casualty to hospital as soon as possible
26.5. Try to ascertain the type of poison involved
26.6. Communicate any relevant information about the poison to the appropriate authority
27. Manage a casualty with anaphylaxis
27.1. Identify dangers to self and casualty
27.2. Identify signs demonstrated by a casualty suffering anaphylaxis
27.3. Position casualty correctly
27.4. Assist casualty with self-administration of prescribed medication reminding
casualty to use as advised by GP/pharmacist/drug manufacturer/police surgeon
27.5. Monitor casualty’s condition and react appropriately to any changes
27.6. Transfer to hospital
28. Manage a casualty with hypothermia
28.1. Identify groups at high risk of hypothermia
28.2. Identify the signs and symptoms of hypothermia
28.3. Gradually re-warm casualty
28.4. Monitor casualty’s condition and react appropriately to any changes
28.5. Seek medical help
29. Manage a casualty with heat exhaustion
29.1. Identify groups at high risk from heat exhaustion
29.2. Identify the signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion
29.3. Position casualty correctly
29.4. Remove excess clothing
29.5. Give fluids
29.6. Monitor casualty’s condition and react appropriately to any changes
29.7. Seek medical help
30. Manage a casualty with heat stroke
30.1. Identify groups at high risk from heat stroke
30.2. Identify the signs and symptoms of heat stroke
30.3. Place unconscious casualties in the recovery position
30.4. Remove as much clothing from casualty as possible
30.5. Cool casualty
30.6. Monitor casualty’s condition and react appropriately to any changes
30.7. Transfer to hospital
31. Manage the control of infection
31.1. Identify sources of infection to self and others
31.2. Identify sources of infection to casualty
31.3. Take action to prevent infection of self
31.4. Take action to prevent infection of casualty
The following learning outcome is optional based your forces’ threat and risk
assessment.

32. Demonstrate haemorrhage control techniques using suitable equipment
32.1. Indications for the application and use of haemorrhage control equipment including contra-indications and hazards of use:
a. Tourniquet (arterial)
– application to self
– improvised tourniquet
b. Pressure dressing (trauma bandage)
32.2. Demonstrate the safe and effective use of haemorrhage control equipment

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